The Internet of Things (IoT) describes as a network of physical objects or things that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies for the purpose of connecting and exchanging data with other devices and systems over the Internet. IoT is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
Parth infotech has been working with new technologies expertized in IoT. To make system more and more automated.
Agricultural Weather Stations are self-contained units that are placed at various locations throughout growing fields. These stations have a combination of sensors appropriate for the local crops and climate. Information such as air temperature, soil temperature at a various depths, rainfall, leaf wetness, chlorophyll, wind speed, dew point temperature, wind direction, relative humidity, solar radiation, and atmospheric pressure are measured and recorded at predetermined intervals. This data is compiled and sent wirelessly to a central cloud at programmed intervals. Their portability and decreasing prices make weather stations attractive for farms of all sizes.
With the help of SWS applications we have begun to incorporate Internet of Things (IoT) ideals, data aggregation, and speedy processing to bring up-to-date, actionable information to small farmers regarding seeding, weeding, fertilizing, and watering. These apps gather data from remote sensors, and weather stations, creating in-depth analyses and valuable recommendations. Several applications have been developed specifically targeting the small-scale farmer: Disease Detection and Diagnosis: Photos taken of suspect plants can be forwarded to experts for analysis. Fertilizer Calculator: Soil sensors and leaf color can determine what nutrients are needed. Soil Study: Capturing soil images, as well as pH and chemical data from sensors, allows farmers to monitor and adjust to changing soil conditions. Water Study: Determining Leaf Area Index from photos and brightness logging can help farmers determine water needs. Crop Harvest Readiness: Camera photos with UV and white lights accurately predict ripeness. With these specialized applications we are helping to improve farm productivity and small farmer’s quality of life by analyzing soil, crop, weed, and pest variables, as well as offer valuable feedback for agricultural decisions.
Multiplot system is a conceptualize modular design for big farm, where this farm is divided in to multiple small farms called as plot.Pump motor controller for multiplot is a device used to control pump motor formultiplot system. This device is usually different from traditional motor controllerin many ways. This motor controller can be control by using mobile applicationinstalled on the farmer mobile phone. The android mobile applicationautomatically calculates the water uses called irrigation time individually foreach plot. This irrigation time for each plot can be sent to motor controller. Thismotor controller switch on the connected motor for the summation of timeinterval for all the individual plots. This smart device has some additionalfeatures like dry run protection, power fluctuation protection etc. Each plot hasseparate solenoid valve controller unit which receives its irrigation timeinterval and priority sequence wirelessly from motor controller.
Measuring soil moisture is important for agricultural applications to help farmers manage their irrigation systems more efficiently. Knowing the exact soil moisture conditions on their fields, not only are farmers able to generally use less water to grow a crop, they are also able to increase yields and the quality of the crop by improved management of soil moisture during critical plant growth stages. The soil moisture sensor is one kind of sensorused to measure volumetric content of water within the soil. In this we measuredielectric constant of a certain volume element around the sensor is obtained by measuring the operating frequency of an oscillating circuit. The sensor data can either be viewed on farmers mobile phone or linked to any smart pump controller.
Pest and Disease advisory an online decision-support system for farmers, promotes sustainable farming and optimizes farm operations. It does this by combining global data with local field data. The app also provides reliable forecasts of fungal disease pressure. This allows for more efficient spraying programs, resulting in reduced fungicides, labor and environmental costs. Advisory can access the forecasted risks of downy mildew, powdery mildew and botrytis on individualized dashboards that contain user-friendly maps, tables and graphs at field level.
Now IoT devices become part of the larger concept of home automation, which can include lighting, heating and air conditioning, media and security systems and camera systems. Benefits include energy savings by automatically ensuring lights and electronics are turned off or by making the residents in the home aware of usage.
One key application or Voice control assist provide assistance for those with disabilities and elderly individuals. These systems use assistive technology to accommodate an owner's specific disabilities.
The Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) is an application of the IoT for medical and health related purposes, data collection and analysis for research, and monitoring to use in future.
The IoT can assist in the integration of communications, control, and information processing across various transportation systems for more safety and reliability. Dynamic and automatic interaction between these components of a transport system enables inter- and intra-vehicular communication, smart traffic control, smart parking, electronic toll collection systems, logistics and fleet management, vehicle control, safety, and road assistance.
The IoT can connect various manufacturing devices equipped with sensing, identification, processing, communication, actuation, and networking capabilities to form a Network control and management of manufacturing equipment, asset and situation management, or manufacturing process control allow IoT to be used for industrial applications and smart manufacturing.
Collecting data on temperature, rainfall, humidity, wind speed, pest infestation, and soil content which can be used to automate farming techniques, take informed decisions to improve quality and quantity, minimize risk and waste, and reduce effort required to manage crops.
IoT devices are in use monitoring the environments and systems of boats and yachts.
To monitoring and controlling operations of sustainable urban and rural infrastructures like bridges, railway tracks and on- and offshore wind-farms is a key application of the IoT. The IoT infrastructure can be used for monitoring any events or changes in structural conditions that can compromise safety and increase risk. Construction industry benefited by cost saving, time reduction, better quality workday, paperless workflow and increase in productivity. Taking faster decisions and save money with Real-Time Data Analytics and scheduling repair and maintenance activities in an efficient manner, by coordinating tasks between different service providers and users of these facilities.
Enhance the capabilities of Army soldiers. Its working collaboration between industry, university, and Army researchers to advance the theoretical foundations of IoT technologies and their applications to Army operations.
Smart or active packaging in which a QR code or NFC tag is affixed on a product or its packaging. The tag itself is passive, however it contains a unique identifier which enables a user to access digital content about the product via a smartphone. The term "Internet of Packaging" has been coined to describe applications in which unique identifiers are used, to automate supply chains, and are scanned on large scale by consumers to access digital content. Authentication of the unique identifiers, and thereby of the product itself, is possible via a copy-sensitive digital watermark or copy detection pattern for scanning when scanning a QR code, while NFC tags can encrypt communication.
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